Sound Transit (Regional Transit Authority) taxes FAQ
Click on a question below to expand and read the answer:
Who pays Sound Transit Taxes?
Sound Transit's taxing district includes the most populated areas of King, Pierce and Snohomish counties. It appears on tax statements as RTA (Regional Transit Authority). The RTA district generally follows the urban growth boundaries created by each county in accordance with the state Growth Management Act and electoral precincts as established in 1996.
Do I live in the Sound Transit District?
Do the Sound Transit boundaries ever change?
The RTA boundary was established in 1996 and can only change as a result of annexations. By law, unincorporated areas outside the RTA boundary only become included inside the RTA boundary upon annexation by cities within the RTA. Periodically Sound Transit updates the authorized legal description of the boundary to reflect annexations that have occurred.
What taxes pay for Sound Transit?
Tax revenues make up just over half of Sound Transit's total funding. In 1996, 2008 and 2016, voters within the RTA district approved tax increases to build and operate the regional mass transit system. These taxes are assessed only within the Sound Transit district:
|Sales & Use||1.4% ($0.14 on a $10 taxable purchase)|
|MVET (Motor Vehicle Excise Tax)||1.1% ($110 annually for each $10,000 of vehicle valuation)|
|Property Tax||$0.25 annually per $1,000 of assessed valuation ($100 annually on a $400,000 house)|
|Rental car sales tax||0.8 percent ($0.80 on a $100 car rental)|
* These rates include expanded transit funding approved by regional voters in November 2016: an additional 0.5 percent sales and use tax effective April 1, 2017; an additional 0.8 percent MVET tax beginning March 1, 2017 with new and renewal vehicle registrations; and a new property tax of $0.25 per $1,000 of assessed valuation beginning Jan. 1, 2017.
An additional rental car increase of up to 1.372 percent ($1.37 on a $100 car rental) can be authorized by the Sound Transit Board in the future.
What do these taxes pay for?
I don't use transit service. Do I still have to pay these taxes?
The transit services provided within the RTA district have been approved by voters living in the RTA district which was determined using urban growth areas and electoral boundaries as established in 1996. Everyone within the Sound Transit district benefits from enhancing overall mobility throughout the region regardless of whether they personally use transit or not.
How is the RTA MVET calculated?
Sound Transit's MVET is collected by the Washington State Department of Licensing upon purchase or renewal of new or used vehicles. Contact the Department of Licensing with questions about the RTA MVET, such as types of vehicles subject to the RTA MVET, vehicle values, depreciation schedules and exemptions.
The RTA MVET is calculated based on vehicle value. For the purposes of this tax, your vehicle's value is set by the state legislature and isn't based on the fair market value. Except for commercial trucks and trailers, the tax is based on the depreciated value of the vehicle using the Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price (MSRP), not what you paid for your vehicle. The tax on commercial trucks and trailers is based on the depreciated value using the latest purchase price and year.
Why is the RTA tax on my vehicle higher than it was last year?
The 2016 vote in favor of Sound Transit 3 (ST3) increased the MVET rate by .8 percent to a rate of 1.1 percent annually for each $10,000 of vehicle value. These taxes will be used to extend the light rail system region-wide, from Tacoma to Everett and from Redmond and Issaquah to Ballard and West Seattle; expand Sounder Commuter rail to serve more passengers; provide bus service in key corridors; and add parking and access improvements at rail stations.
I received a Shortage letter. What is it?
Sometimes this tax is not collected at purchase or renewal. If that happens you will receive a shortage letter from the Department of Licensing (DOL). The RTA tax has to be paid before you can renew your car tabs.
Information about how to pay the shortage bill can be found in the shortage letter.
Sample shortage letter (pdf)
Why did I receive more than one shortage letter?
MVET is assessed by vehicle. If you own multiple vehicles, you will receive a shortage letter for each vehicle that was not assessed the tax at the time of its car tab renewal.
I already paid a shortage, why am I paying it again?
If you own multiple vehicles, the shortage previously paid may have been for a different vehicle. Check each VIN and associated year of shortage to make sure it is not a duplicate. If it is a duplicate, please contact Department of Licensing (DOL) customer service or 360-902-3770.
Certain addresses along the RTA boundary may have been assessed shortages multiple years in a row due to timing of annexations or state GIS updates and car tab renewal periods. If you have received a shortage letter for more than two years in a row for the same vehicle while being located at the same address during the entire two year period, please contact Sound Transit customer service at firstname.lastname@example.org.
How can I find out if my shortage payment was received?
I lived in the RTA when I renewed and paid the RTA tax. Now that I've moved, can I get a refund?
The RTA tax is assessed at the time of renewal using the vehicle's address of record and is not pro-rated or refundable. Please make sure your address is updated with Department of Licensing (DOL) in accordance with state laws each time you move.
When did I start paying property tax to fund Sound Transit?
How is my property assessed?
What relief from property taxes is available to senior citizens and to people with disabilities living at low income?
Senior citizens and people with disabilities whose primary residences are in Washington State who meet household income and other eligibility requirements can utilize programs that help reduce or defer property taxes and/or special assessments. Visit the Department of Revenue for information about property tax exemption or deferral programs.
How much of the Sales and Use tax does Sound Transit receive to build and operate mass transit?
With voter approval in November 2016, the RTA portion of the sales and use tax you pay for purchases made within the Sound Transit District has increased from .9 percent to 1.4 percent, or 14 cents on a $10.00 purchase. To see the total level of all state and local sales and use tax collected in your city including the RTA tax, visit the Department of Revenue.